The Science of a Legislator. The Natural Jurisprudence of David Hume and Adam Smith. Cambridge UP, 1981, paperback 1989. French translation, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1998. Japanese translation, Tokyo: Minerva Shobo, 2001. Chinese translation, Zhejiang UP, 2010.

Natural Law and Moral Philosophy: From Grotius to the Scottish Enlightenment. Cambridge UP, 1996. Chinese translation, Zhejiang University Press, 2010.

Enlightenments and Religions. 14th C. Th. Dimaras Lecture (2009), Institute for Neohellenic Research, Athens 2010 [pamphlet].

Scholarly text editions

Thomas Reid, Practical Ethics; being Lectures and Papers on Natural Religion, Self-Government, Natural Jurisprudence and the Law of Nations. Edited from the manuscripts with an Introduction and a Commentary. Princeton UP, 1990. Revised edition: Thomas Reid on Practical Ethics, Edinburgh UP, 2007.

David Hume, Political Essays, with an Introduction. Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought, Cambridge UP, 1994. Portuguese translation, Martins Fontes Editora Lda 2003. Serbian translation 2008. Turkish translation, Pinhan Yayincilik forthcoming.

Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, with an Introduction. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge UP, 2001. Chinese translation, 2006. Japanese translation forthcoming.

(co-ed.) Thomas Reid, Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man. Edinburgh UP, 2002.

(co-ed.) Thomas Reid, Essays on the Active Powers of Man. Edinburgh UP, 2010.

(co-ed.) Thomas Reid on Society and Politics. Papers and Lectures. Edinburgh UP, 2015.

(general ed.) The Edinburgh Edition of Thomas Reid, Edinburgh UP, 10 vols., 8 published.

(general ed.) Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics, Liberty Press, 43 titles, 37 published. Includes The Works and Correspondence of Francis Hutcheson, 7 vols., 5 published.

Edited collections

(ed.) Traditions of Liberalism. Essays on John Locke, Adam Smith and John Stuart Mill, CIS, Sydney, 1988.

(co-ed.) A Culture of Rights: The Bill of Rights in Philosophy, Politics and Law – 1791 and 1991, Cambridge UP, 1991; paperback 1992.

(ed.) Enlightenment and Religion: Rational Dissent in Eighteenth-Century Britain, Ideas in Context, Cambridge UP, 1996, paperback ed. 2006.

(ed.) Grotius, Pufendorf and the Natural Law Tradition, International Library of Critical Essays in the History of Philosophy, Dartmouth Publ. Co., 1998.

(ed.) Adam Smith, International Library of Critical Essays in the History of Philosophy, Dartmouth Publ. Co., 1998.

(ed.) The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy, 2 vols, Cambridge UP, 2006. Paperback 2011. Chinese translation, China Social Sciences Press, forthcoming (?).

(ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith, Cambridge UP, 2006. Chinese translation, Zhejiang University Press, forthcoming (?).

(co-ed.) Northern Antiquities and National Identities. Perceptions of Denmark and the North in the Eighteenth Century, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, Copenhagen, 2008.

(co-ed.), Dugald Stewart: His Development in Scottish and European Context, special issue of History of European Ideas, 2012.

(co-ed.), David Hume, International Library of Essays in the History of Political Thought, Ashgate, 2013.

(ed.) Modern International Thought. A symposium occasioned by David Armitage’s Foundations of Modern International Thought, special issue of History of European Ideas, 40 (2014).

Language in Intellectual History: The Work of Hans Aarsleff, special issue of History of European Ideas, 42 (2016).

(co-ed.) Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754). Learning and Literature in the Nordic Enlightenment, Routledge, 2017.


(with Andrew S. Skinner) Index to the Works of Adam Smith. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 2001; Liberty Fund (paperback) 2003, 210 pp.


Selection of articles:

‘Protestant Natural Law Theory: A General Interpretation’ in New Essays on the History of Autonomy. A Collection Honoring J.B. Schneewind, ed. Natalie Brender and Larry Krasnoff, Cambridge University Press, 2004, pp. 92-109.

‘German Natural Law’, in Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Political Thought, ed. Mark Goldie and Robert Wokler, Cambridge University Press, 2006, 251-290.

‘Natural Law’, Routledge Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. J. Skorupski, Routledge, 2010. 76-87.

‘Natural Jurisprudence and the Identity of the Scottish Enlightenment’, in Religion and philosophy in Enlightenment Britain, ed. R. Savage, Oxford UP, 2012. 258-277.

‘Natural Rights or Political Prudence? Toleration in Francis Hutcheson’, in Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment, eds. J. Parkin and T. Stanton, Proceedings of the British Academy, 2012. 261-289.

‘Natural Law and Personhood: Samuel Pufendorf on Social Explanation’, Max Weber Lecture, European University Institution, 2010.

(co-author) ‘The Context of the Stewart-Prevost Correspondence’, in Dugald Stewart: His Development in Scottish and European Context, special issue of History of European Ideas, 2012.

‘Holbergs Pufendorf – men hvilken Pufendorf?’, in Holbergs naturrett, eds. Jørgen Sejersted and Eiliv Vinje, Oslo, Gyldendal Akademisk, 2012. 31-45.

‘Enlightenment and the Ubiquity of Natural Law’, Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung des 18. Jahrhunderts, 2012. 45-57.

‘Samuel Pufendorf’; and ‘Christian Wolff’, in Oxford Handbuch of the History of International Law, eds. Anne Peters and Bardo Fassbender, Oxford UP 2012. 1102-5 and 1106-9

‘The philosophy of a persona’, History of European Ideas, 2013.

‘Five Questions to Knud Haakonssen’, in Intellectual History: 5 Questions, ed. F. Stjernfelt, M. Haugaard Jeppesen and M. Thorup, Automatic Press, 2013, pp. 71-77.

‘Adam Smith’s Lectures on Jurisprudence’, in   Adam Smith. His Life, Thought and Legacy, ed. Ryan Hanley, Princeton UP 2015, pp. 48-66.

(with M. Seidler) ‘Natural Law: Law, Rights and Duties’, in A Companion to Intellectual History, ed. R. Whatmore, Wiley-Blackwell, 2015, pp. 377-401.

Review article of Benjamin Straumann, Roman Law in the State of Nature, in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2016:

Indledning [Introduction], Ludvig Holberg, Introduction til Naturens og Folkerettens Kundskab,   in Ludvig Holbergs Skrifter:

‘Early-modern Natural Law’, in Cambridge Companion to Natural Law Jurisprudence, ed. George Duke and Robert P. George, Cambridge UP, 2017, pp. 76-102.

‘Between God and nature: Pufendorf on power and liberty’,